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Ulwazi olusisiseko lwe-compressor yomoya

Time: 2021-06-12 10:22:13

Yintoni icompressor? Oomatshini abasetyenziselwa ukucinezela igesi ukunyusa uxinzelelo lwegesi kuthiwa yi-compressor. Isiguquli somoya sisicinezeli somoya, umatshini osetyenziselwa ukunyanzela umoya ukunyusa uxinzelelo lomoya. Isiguquli sikwabizwa ngokuba yi "compressor" okanye "impompo yomoya". Ngokubanzi, xa uxinzelelo lokuphakamisa lungaphantsi kwe-0.2MPa, ibizwa ngokuba yi-blower, kwaye xa ingaphantsi kwe-0.02MPa, ibizwa ngokuba yi-ventilator. Umatshini wepiston kwi-0.5MPa ubizwa ngokuba ngumatshini wokumbiwa kwemigodi. Imigangatho yesizwe ye-screw compressors yi-0.7MPa, 0.8MPa, kunye ne-1.25MPa. Xa inkulu kune-1.25MPa, kufuneka ifezekiswe ngumatshini wepiston, obizwa ngokuba ngumatshini wemizi-mveliso. Kwicandelo lezemigodi, isinyithi, ukuvelisa oomatshini, ubunjineli boluntu, ishishini petrochemical, ishishini elektroniki, ifriji kunye nezahlulo zobunjineli begesi kunye nomzi mveliso wokhuselo wesizwe, icompressors sesinye sezixhobo eziphambili. Njengoko isiguquli irhasi sisetyenziswa ngokubanzi, iye yaba umatshini-injongo jikelele.

Ukusetyenziswa kweicompressors kunokwahlulwahlulwa ngokweendidi ezintathu:

Umoya oxineneyo njengamandla

Umoya oxineneyo usetyenziselwa ukuqhuba oomatshini ohlukeneyo bomoya kunye nezixhobo, ezisetyenziselwa ukulawula izixhobo kunye nezixhobo ze-automation, kunye nokuqaliswa kwezixhobo ezithile zokhuselo lukazwelonke kunye nophando lwenzululwazi, amahla-ndinyuka eenkwili kunye nokuhlangulwa kweenqanawa ezitshonile. uxinzelelo lwegesi olwahlukileyo. Umoya oxineneyo uneempawu zokugcina okulula, ulawulo olulula, ubumanzi obulungileyo, ukhuseleko kunye nokhuselo lokusingqongileyo. Ke ngoko, uxinzelelo lomoya lukwathathwa njengombane wamandla wesibini emva kombane.

· Irhasi ecinezelweyo isetyenziselwa ifriji kunye nokwahlulahlula

Irhasi icinezelwe, ipholile, iyandiswa kwaye inyibilikisiwe. Isetyenziselwa ifriji eyenziweyo (ifriji, ifriji kunye nomoya opholileyo, njenge-ammonia kunye ne-freon compressors, uxinzelelo luhlala luyi-8-14bar, olu hlobo lwe-compressor lubizwa ngokuba yi-compressor yefriji. Kwisixhobo sokwahlula, izinto ezo zahlulwe ngokwamaqondo obushushu abo ahlukeneyo ukufumana iigesi ezahlukeneyo zokucoceka.Umzekelo, emva kokunyibilika komoya nokwahlukana, ioksijini emsulwa, i-nitrogen emsulwa kunye ne-xenon emsulwa, neon, argon, helium kunye nezinye iigesi ezinqabileyo Ngokukhula ngokukhawuleza kwemveliso ye-petrochemical yase-China, igesi ekrwada — ipetroleum yegesi eqhekekileyo yahlulwe ngokucinezelwa kuqala, emva koko isebenzise amaqondo obushushu apholileyo ukwahlulahlula izinto.

· Ukuhanjiswa kwegesi

Isiguquli esisetyenziselwa ukuhambisa umbhobho wegesi kuxhomekeke kubude bombhobho ukumisela uxinzelelo, kunye noxinzelelo lokuhambisa irhasi yi-3-30bar. Isiguquli esisetyenziselwa ukufaka iibhotile zerhasi kuxhomekeke kubume begesi. Ngokubanzi, uxinzelelo lwesilinda seoksijini yi150bar, igesi yeasithilini ayizinzanga, kwaye uxinzelelo lwebhotile yi25bar, kwaye ithengiswa ngeasetone. Ezinye iigesi ekulula ukuzinyibilikisa kunye nobushushu obuphezulu obuphezulu zinokucinezelwa kuqala, emva koko zipholiswe ukuba zingamanzi kunye neebhotile. Umzekelo, uxinzelelo lwebhotile yegesi ye-chlorine yi-10-15bar, kwaye uxinzelelo lwebhotile ye-carbon dioxide yi-50-60bar. Uxinzelelo olusetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-petroleum olunyibilikileyo lokucinezela i-petroleum yi-5-15bar.

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