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Umgaqo wokuBuyisa ubushushu beNkunkuma kunye nokuSetyenziswa kweCompressor yoMoya

Time: 2021-12-27 10:23:48

Ngophuhliso olukhawulezayo loshishino loomatshini, ingxaki yamandla kunye nongcoliseko lokusingqongileyo ibe yingxaki enkulu ekufuneka isonjululwe kwihlabathi.Ilizwe lethu lihlawula ngakumbi nangakumbi ukukhuselwa kokusingqongileyo, ukonga amandla kunye nokunciphisa ukukhutshwa kuthathwa njengomsebenzi obalulekileyo welizwe. urhulumente.

Njengesixhobo esiyimfuneko kumashishini emveliso, ukusetyenziswa kwamandla amakhulu kwimizi-mveliso kunye namashishini emigodi ahlala kusiba yicompressor yomoya, kwaye kaninzi kubalelwa kuma-50% osetyenziso lwamandla ombane wonke. Kuqikelelwa ukuba ukusetyenziswa kwamandla onyaka kwecompressor yomoya malunga ne-9.6% yokusetyenziswa kwamandla kumashishini kazwelonke.Ukusetyenziswa kwamandla ombane womoya kwiinkalo zesicelo eziphambili kuyamangalisa ngakumbi. Kwishishini lemichiza yamalahle, ishishini lepetrochemical, isichumiso sekhemikhali, amandla ombane, isinyithi kunye namanye amashishini, ukusetyenziswa kwamandla ecompressor zomoya kubalelwa ngaphezulu kwe-6%, kwaye ukusetyenziswa kwamandla e-nitrogen kunye ne-hydrogen air compressors kubalelwa kwi-70% yokusetyenziswa kwamandla. Ukusetyenziswa kombane we-ethylene "oomatshini abathathu" (i-compressor yegesi yokukrazula, i-ethylene air compressor kunye ne-propylene air compressor) ibalelwa ngaphezu kwe-30% yokusetyenziswa kwamandla eethylene izixhobo, kunye nokusetyenziswa kwamandla eempompo, iifeni kunye iicompressors zomoya kwisethi ye-100,000 yezixhobo zokwahlula umoya ziphantse zibe yi-80,000 kw.

Njengoko sisazi, icompressor yomoya idinga ukuvelisa ubushushu obuninzi ngexesha lokusebenza, kwaye iyunithi yokupholisa umoya kufuneka ikhuphe ubushushu kwi-atmosphere;Isixhobo sokupholisa samanzi simpompa ubushushu kwi-atmosfera ngokusebenzisa inqaba yokupholisa. I-Arhente yaMandla e-United States: xa icompressor yomoya isebenza, amandla ombane asetyenziswa ngokwenene ukonyusa amandla anokubakho emoyeni athatha kuphela inxenye encinci ye-15% kusetyenziso lwamandla lulonke. Malunga ne-85% yamandla ombane aguqulwa abe bubushushu aze akhutshelwe emoyeni ngokupholiswa komoya okanye ngokupholiswa kwamanzi.

Ukuba ukushisa kwe-compressor yomoya akukhutshelwanga, kuya kuchaphazela ukusebenza okuqhelekileyo kwe-compressor yomoya kwaye kuchaphazele umgangatho womoya ocinezelweyo. Kakade ke, ukuba obu bushushu buphuma ngokuthe ngqo, akuchithi nje amandla amaninzi okushisa kodwa kwakhona. kwandisa "impembelelo greenhouse" emoyeni, nto leyo ebangela ubushushu pollution.In fact, kwezi ubushushu idlakadlaka, ukusetyenziswa umoya compressor ubushushu kubuchwephesha ubuchwepheshe, ezi ubushushu ebonakala ngathi akusafuneki, inxalenye enkulu enokuphinda isetyenziswe!

Indlela yokusebenzisa kakuhle le nkunkuma yobushushu ngumsebenzi obalulekileyo kumashishini ukugcina amandla kunye nokunciphisa ukukhutshwa. Inokudala izibonelelo ezilungileyo kumashishini ngaxeshanye, kodwa iphinde ibe negalelo ekukhuseleni okusingqongileyo.

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